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Modafinil Vendor Review: Duckdose

UPDATE: Duckdose has moved to Duckdose.ORG, the .COM is no longer working. The site is still being run by the same people just on a different domain.


Recently I purchased some modafinil from Duckdose. In case you don’t know what modafinil is, please refer to our writeup on modafinil









Duckdose is widely known in the modafinil nootropics community to be one of the best vendors. Here is my review:











Ordering: 8/10

Duckdose has a clean and neat ordering system. I attempted to pay with my credit card but it was blocked. The website says its because the payment processor is located overseas and as such may trigger my bank’s anti-fraud protection. I eventually paid via bitcoins, because who dosen’t enjoy a free 20% discount right?


Prices: 9.5/10

They sell Modalert, a great generic brand of modafinil at 85 cents a pill. They also feature a 15% returning discount coupon for recurring purchases. Plus if you pay with Bitcoins, theres an extra 20% OFF! This price is simply impressive. I think that any cheaper you would have to buy directly from the manufacturer.


Delivery: 8/10

Duckdose has a web tracker which can be used to get an update on the status of the package. My package arrived in about 9 days, which is very fast considering most of the time was spent clearing US customs. The web tracker is seems to receive updates a little slowly. My package had already physically reached me but it was only reported as Delivered a couple of hours later! I’ve written to them about it and duckdose claims its because India Post (the postal service they used to send from sometimes provide irregular updates)









It seems duckdose does not ship to some countries, according to their shipping page:

We are currently not able to ship directly to the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Sweden, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates due to tougher import controls.

If you live in one of those countries, you might want to read more about their shipping policy.


Product: 10/10

I used to have a prescription for Provigil, and I can honestly say I can’t tell the difference between duckdose’s modalert and brand name Provigil. The effects and taste were EXACTLY the same. Super clear-headedness feeling and full mental alacrity for a whole 16 hours.


Service: 10/10

They seem to have an email support system. I had some dosage specific questions and emailed the duckdose team. They very promptly responded and seemed to be exceptionally knowledgeable about the product, modafinil and nootropics in general. It’s a breath of fresh air compared to some of the pharmacies that only seem to be interested in dispensing pills without actual helpful information. I always believe its important to provide quality service, and for this reason they are my preferred vendor.


Closing Thoughts

I’ve always been a fan of biohacking and nootropics, and modafinil is one of those must-haves in your stack. Alot of people have written to me for recommendations on how to get Modafinil since pharmacies here want a RX before selling to you. Also, brand name Provigil costs a bomb and is not really affordable. If you’re looking for a safe and affordable source for modafinil, check out Duckdose now.

Top 5 natural nootropics

There are many potential natural brain-boosting nootropic options out there. They can boost memory, improve mood, reduce stress and reduce fatigue. Stacking them is one way to get benefits from more than one class. Remember herbs and supplements have side effects and can conflict with medications so always inform your doctor of any you are talking and be mindful of side effects. These top five would give you a strong start on nootropics stacking.

Huperzine A

Hurezine A is a plant extract that improves cognitive abilities and is quite fast acting. It acts as an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor and prevents the release of a chemical that breaks down acetylcholine. It has a result of increasing acetylcholine (learning neurotransmitter) in the brain with improvements to learning, concentration, focus, and memory. Two studies have shown its benefits. A study on Alzheimer’s concluded “beneficial effects on improvement of cognitive function, daily living activity, and global clinical assessment in participants.” The other was a study on the learning performance of students in which they had significantly enhanced memory and significant improvements in language tests. Some research suggests it is used occasionally or cycled, rather than part of an everyday routine.

Bacopa Monnieri

Bacopa Monnieri is a flowering herb commonly known as water hyssop. There is notable research behind it for memory enhancement and it is known as an antioxidant as well. A 2002 study showed significant results on retention of new information and follow-up testing suggesting this was due to less forgetting of newly acquired information. A study in 2008 found significantly improved performance in the area of working memory.

Lion’s Mane

Lion’s Mane, also known as Yamabushitake, is impressive due to its benefits for nerve-growth factor (NGF), which is basically primary for the growth and survival of neurons. A study done in 2009 on people within the ages of 50-80 with mild cognitive impairments found significantly increased scores on cognitive function. Primarily, aside from the study showing benefits to cognition, we are looking at benefits to brain health, neuroplasticity, the formation of myelin and nerve regeneration.

Ginkgo Biloba

Ginko Biloba is one of the most popular herbal supplements and one of the best-selling nootropics. It has been used for cognitive enhancement and to prevent cognitive decline. It is, in fact, a good starter nootropic. Now, in research primarily in aging adults, it does have a therapeutic aid in memory formation. Other benefits include flavonoids which reduce inflammation in the brain and terpenoids which increase blood flow. It has positive effects on anxiety, mood and also promotes better concentration.

Rhodiola Rosea

Rhodiola Rosea is a herb often used in the area of anti-fatigue and adaptogen compound. It is often combined with other nootropics which make it quite popular for beginners. It has been used historically for enhancing stamina and muscle recovery. Effects are notable in regards to fatigue reduction and certainly when it comes to cognition if fatigue is an issue this can definitely have a benefit. A 2003 study demonstrated pronounced anti-fatigue benefits and mental work increased. Primarily we are looking at its benefits to blending with other nootropics well as well as reducing cognitive effects due to fatigue quite effectively.


Other of note you might consider are Vinpocetine (It is synthetic but derived from periwinkle), Ashwagandha and L-Theanine (if you use caffeine).



“Huperzine A for Alzheimer’s Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials”

“Huperzine A capsules enhance memory and learning performance in 34 pairs of matched adolescent”

“Chronic effects of Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) on human memory”

“Improving effects of the mushroom Yamabushitake (Hericium erinaceus) on mild cognitive impairment: a double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial”

“A comment on Ginkgo biloba for mild to moderate dementia in a community setting by McCarney et al.”

“A randomized trial of two different doses of a SHR-5 Rhodiola rosea extract versus placebo and control of capacity for mental work.”

Real life NZT-48

Modafinil is a synthetic drug and cannot be extracted from the natural sources like plants. The use of modafinil as cognitive enhancer can be traced back to many years when it was secretly used by startup workers and entrepreneurs. After the emergence of the movie “limitless”, modafinil became a very popular drug.

Everyone wants to have an enhanced cognitive memory to think more clearly and perform better. The movie “Limitless” reveals this human desire as it was centered around the pill NZT-48 as a powerful brain booster. After watching the movie, people wondered if such substance really exists especially as a secret amongst billionaires and powerful military men.

The movie “limitless” was based on a story about a writer Ed Morra (Bradley Cooper) whose life got affected as he struggles to pen his ideas down on paper. NZT-48 was a drug that enhanced his thinking ability and eliminated natural barriers. This drug was introduced to him by his old friend and it transformed him into an excellent writer being able to complete great books in few days making him a successful billionaire investor.

A lot of people started pondering if NZT-48 drug was actually real. Although the author of the book which limitless was adapted from said he knew of many cognitive-enhancing drugs but he didn’t base NZT-48 to any of them. Most media outlets started broadcasting articles about Modafinil as the closest enhancer to NZT-48 as the effects were confirmed by entrepreneurs. But, now we are close enough to call Modafinil as a real life NZT-48 since users confirmed that the effects were very similar to what was experienced in the movie by the author. Modafinil can be called a real life NZT-48 as it has shown wonderful cognitive enhancing effects among workers and students. It has shown substantial benefits to enhance memory and increase alertness.

The new version of modafinil that was recently produced is far less expensive. Although, it’s still more expensive than other drugs like Viagra and Cialis. The pill is almost five times the price of Viagra and Cialis pills as its price ranges from $10 to $20 per pill. This means average people can’t afford the price of the drug hence they go for adrafinil. Adrafinil is the metabolite of modafinil and it was developed before modafinil. The two drugs are similar but adrafinil is a prodrug that takes about an hour before it commences work. The price of Adrafinil is 10 times less than modafinil. But, the two drugs are bought for the same purpose to boost the brain power


Although, the movie exaggerated the effect of the drug as it cannot really make you emerge as a billionaire in few days. Modafinil simply improves attention, learning, focus and memory. But, it does not have the ability to change a lazy person to an excellent and successful billionaire.

Modafinil is a drug that enhances mental alertness, improves memory and enhances cognitive abilities. It has been tested with astronauts and soldiers as it was used to enhance their focus and power thereby preventing them from fatigue especially during long missions. It is widely used by students and entrepreneur as a nootropic agent. It is known as the most potent nootropic for enhancing mental alertness making it very popular among many users.


Modafinil has a fascinating history as it was first discovered in France in the late 1980’s. It was first sold as a drug for sleep disorder by Cephalon, a pharmaceutical company and marketed under the brand name of Provigil. The idea of Modafinil being used off-label is the secret of its success in USA.

By the time the movie “Limitless” was in production, Modafinil pill was a secret amongst powerful men and the rich. It became popular among people because it can really boost concentration and increase productivity to a great extent. It is a powerful smart drug that can increase alertness, cognition and memory.


How does Modafinil works?

The working principle of modafinil has not been fully uncovered but the mechanism of action has been explained by researchers.

The idea behind mechanism of action of modafinil is that it keeps the brain awake and sharp by working as dopamine reuptake inhibitor in certain areas of the brain thereby enhancing extracellular dopamine levels. In other words, modafinil hinders the movement of dopamine hence making it accumulate in the brain.

Several neurotransmitter systems present in the brain can also be influenced by the actions of Modafinil since it stimulates the “upper-like” neurotransmitters and their receptors such as catecholamines, orexin etc. It reduces the effects of “downer-like” neurotransmitters and their receptors such as glycine, GABA and galanin. This helps to boost the effects of stimulatory brain transmitters and suppresses the activity of the inhibitory neurotransmitters leading to a perfect concentration without any need for breaks or sleep.

The increase in the plasticity of the brain which can be associated with improvements in memory and learning is another function of modafinil since it stimulates histamines release in the brain. Most nootropics are known to be neuroprotective and so is modafinil . It enhances the brain pool of inositol, aspartate and glutamine.

Another function of modafinil is the production of ATP and the increment in the usage of the brain energy in order to ensure proper functioning of the brain.

The working principle of modafinil is very complex but it stimulates the excitatory neurotransmitters, increases the production of glucose in the brain, reduces the number of sedative cells and enhances extracellular dopamine levels.



Research and Benefits of Modafinil

Since modafinil is a prescribed drug, it has some side effects such as addiction potential since it acts on dopaminergic neurons making you able to carry out complex tasks. Hence if you get addicted to stuff easily, you should try to avoid modafinil. It is obvious that modafinil delivers great benefits to the brain since it is obviously the best nootropics in existence with minimal side effects. It is commonly referred as ‘smart drug’ because it has numerous benefits but nearly no side effects.

Research has proved its ability to keep the body alert and awake so FDA has approved the drug for the treatment of narcolepsy. It forces your brain neurotransmitters into the awakened state thereby flipping your brain to the activated state. The process of stimulating and awakening neurotransmitters and lowering the effects of sedative ones will simply keep you awake.

A research was carried out where people were told to try sleeping after the intake of modafinil but they couldn’t. This is a very good approach especially when you want to finish up some cognitive work within a very short time. The effect of this drug lasts for about 10 – 16 hours. You need to make sure that you are taking the drug in limited amount otherwise you will get addicted.

Here are some of the benefits of the drug.


  1. Cognitive effects

Although the drug has a medicinal value as it is used to treat sleep disorder but a recent survey shows that most people buy the drug for cognitive benefits. Research shows that modafinil may improve some aspects of working memory, such as digital manipulation, pattern recognition and digital span. Once again, these improvements can be linked to the drug’s ability to reduce the impact of distractions caused by drowsiness.

The drug enhances learning and memory function, efficient task planning and work enjoyment. It also improves sharpness, alertness and concentration since the goal of nootropics is to improve clarity and give you a mental edge with the help of formulas the boosts mental capacity.


  1. Fatigue

The primary advantage of modafinil is to enhance wakefulness thereby keeping people awake when they should be sleeping. People that suffers from serious ailments that prevent them from having adequate energy to enjoy their lives also use the drug. Fatigue can be a major problem for the patients of multiple sclerosis and other similar diseases. These patients can use this nootropic to alleviate fatigue.


  1. Psychiatric disorders

Modafinil can be used to treat neurodegenerative and mental problems since it has been confirmed that the drug enhances alertness and concentration. Modafinil can be of great benefit to people suffering from depression, Parkinson’s disease, drug dependence and alcohol. Modafinil treats lack of concentration, fatigue and low energy level in above mentioned ailments. Modafinil serves as the solution to these diseases since it has a positive effect on the mental outlook and mood of an individual.


  1. Weight loss

An important benefit of modafinil is weight and appetite loss although researchers have not been able to explain this phenomenon. A recent survey shows that a group of people that took the drug experienced a reduction in their caloric intake. One can conclude that the people that take the drug burn additional calories after addition of energy provided by modafinil.


You need to meet your doctor to obtain the prescription for the drug before obtaining it since it’s unregulated in the United States. The process for this is very easy as you only need to locate a trusted pharmacy, place your order and wait till the drug is delivered. This is one of the reason the sale of modafinil is expensive.  As Modafinil provide numerous benefits to enhance mental health, it can be considered as a real life NZT-48.


8 Essential ingredients in Nootropics

Are you in the market for Nootropics? If so then you should consider various issues including the types of ingredients that are included. Different ones have various effects on the brain-boosting traits of the product. There are tons of different ones available but here are some of the most common ingredients:


  1. L-Tyrosine

This is a critical building block for several neurotransmitters with long scientific names. Various studies also show that this ingredient can boost alertness, lower stress, and fight sleep deprivation. All of the ingredients are helpful for people looking for ways to improve their physical/mental health.


  1. Vitamin B5

This is a critical nutrient for humans that helps our nervous systems to work correctly. It’s also needed for synthesizing a certain neurotransmitter and hormone.


  1. Gotu Kola

This ingredient has been used in various types of traditional medicine in countries such as China, India, and Indonesia for millennia. This ingredient includes tons of triterpenoids (class of compounds). It’s often used to boost mental clarity, while studies have shown it lowers anxiety and can also boost blood circulation.


So this ingredient will benefit your body and brain in multiple ways.


  1. Vitamin B6

This vitamin is needed for producing many neurotransmitters. It’s also needed for the development/function of brains. Vitamin B6 also helps to produce some hormones related to moods.


That’s just the start. Studies have also connected B6 with superior mood regulation, better memory performance, and lower anxiety levels. These results have been most prominent in seniors’ brains.


  1. Zinc

This mineral starts with the last letter of the English alphabet, but it shouldn’t be forgotten. It’s an important type of nutrient that’s critical for links within the brain. When people consume zinc, it results in the activation of something called extracellular-signal-regulated kinases (ERK) in neurons. This has a key role in memory and learning.


  1. Ginseng

This is easily one of the most common ingredients in various dietary supplements. It’s a plant root that’s been added for centuries to Chinese medicine.


Studies have learned that ginseng helps to protect the brain. It’s been discovered to boost brain development and also boost the cranium’s ability to safeguard its proteins and neurons.


Wait, there’s more! Ginseng also works via synergy with both ginkgo and bacopa. So it can provide a combination of benefits for more brainpower.


  1. Choline Bitartrate

This works to boost focus, energy levels, and memory. How do brains use it? They utilize the substance to process/release a critical neurotransmitter. Choline is also helpful for fixing an imbalance of brain chemistry such as neurotransmitters.


  1. Vitamin B12

Here’s another Vitamin B-complex ingredient that’s often added to nootropics. B12 is critical to keeping human brains’ and nervous systems’ working in tip-top shape. A Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause various unwanted side-effects. They include confusion, depression, bad memory, and fatigue.


If you want more energy or productivity, then Vitamin B12 is the right one for you. It works well with B6 to achieve those goals.


These are some of the most common and critical found on the ingredients labels of nootropics. Always check what’s inside!

Top Benefits of Nootropics

Are you looking for brain enhancers? There are several types. One of the most popular ones is nootropics, which were developed in 1963. Nootropics can be made of synthetic or natural ingredients. There are several benefits they provide including ones that involve the following issues:


  1. Focus

If you’re a fan of coffee, cappuccinos or lattes then you know that coffee can help to boost your concentration and attention. In a similar way, many smart drugs can also help to improve your focus.


However, not only that but nootropics can also help to make things clear. There are various types of nootropics including Asian ginseng and coffee with L-theanine. There are different benefits provided by the different nootropics.


  1. Anti-fatigue

There are certain smart drugs that can help to block receptors located in the brain or provide better energy synthesis. Users can work longer and better by lowering fatigue. There are various types of nootropics that can help to battle fatigue.


  1. Willpower

Smart drugs including nootropics can help to provide you with willpower. Regardless of which vices you’re trying to give up, this is one of the main benefits of certain nootropics.


This is a plus because it means that you’ll have more control over your behavior. That’s important to help you stay away from certain behaviors that have caused you a lot of problems in the past.


In fact, as fast as 25 minutes after consuming a nootropic, the agents can cross the blood-brain barrier to increase the neurotransmitters. This will help to boost your self-control for up to six hours automatically. That’s a plus whether you’re trying to quit smoking or stay away from the last piece of chocolate cake in the fridge.


  1. Articular

You might be surprised about this benefit of nootropics. It’s one of the best effects that you can enjoy soon after taking the smart drug. It will help you to have mastery over the words you say as well as your vocabulary.

In fact, you might start using some fancy grammar, words you haven’t said for years, as well as being more creative. There are certain nootropics that usually provide these benefits.


  1. Memory

An improved memory is always beneficial whether you’re young or old. This is one of the key features of nootropics. They’re designed to prevent the break-down of neurons that cause various issues such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and dementia.


There are various types of memory enhancers, including creatine and choline. There are also some nootropics that improve short-term memory, and others that boost long-term memory. This provides you with various options when searching for a brain-boosting product.


  1. Mood

There are certain nootropics that can improve your brain’s functionality by boosting mood and lowering anxiety. In several studies, lower anxiety causes better test scores for several cognitive factors. That includes short/long-term memory. There’s a wide variety of mood enhancers including Asian ginseng.


  1. Creativity/Reasoning

There are also some nootropics that can affect general reasoning skills, and also boost creativity in problem-solving tasks. Iodine is one of the various nootropics that can provide these features.

How to Select the Right Nootropic

Are you in the market for a new nootropic? Such brain-boosters are effective in providing several cognitive features for various applications such as sports and weightlifting. However, with so many nootropics on the market, it can be tough to select the best one for your needs. Here are some helpful tips:


Take ads with a grain of salt

This isn’t to say that all nootropic ads include false claims. However, if any of them seem too good to be true, then they probably are.


Something to keep in mind is that top-notch nootropics take a while to enter a person’s system. People who take the products wouldn’t instantly notice the effects on their minds regarding brain-enhancement.


Another issue is that several other smart drugs/brain supplements don’t have effects that build up since the active ingredients don’t stay in the body a long time. As a result, there aren’t any long-term effects.


Read labels and ingredients

This is one of the best steps to take to get on the same page about which ingredients are included and excluded from the product.  Not only should you review the substances that are included in the nootropic, but also the amounts that are included.


There are two main types of ingredients included in nootropics. Those include natural ingredients and synthetic ones. Both types of ingredients can be effective in boosting brainpower.


Besides reading the ingredient in the product you should also consider doing some research to learn about the features, pros, and cons of them. That will help in the overall decision about whether or not you should purchase the product.


There’s always going to be some debate about whether or not a particular nootropic on the market is a good choice. However, by reviewing the ingredients, you’ll know the essential substances contained in the product. That will help you to determine how effective it likely is for brain enhancement.


Start slow and basic

If you’re just starting out with nootropics, it’s advisable to start out slow. If you’re looking for the safest smart drugs you should start with natural ones since they have the fewest side-effects.


After getting start with nootropics, you could move up to ones that include a blend of multiple substances. That might include a natural one with a synthetic one. The synthesis of the substances can provide a wide array of benefits including those related to memory, learning, etc.

Such smart drugs will help to keep your brain working like a machine and stay energized during the day. Not only that but if you select certain nootropics you’ll be able to enjoy several benefits without any unwanted side-effects and especially risk to safety.


Do your homework

There’s a wide array of different ingredients added to nootropics. They include:




Ginkgo Biloba


Vitamin B-complex

Gotu Kola


It’s also important to live a healthy lifestyle while using the nootropics. When combining the one-two punch, you’ll be able to enjoy the best benefits and experience a super brain boost.

Some Top Nootropics on the Market

Are you looking for new Nootropics? These are brain enhancers that can provide several benefits regarding your mental health. There are several dietary supplements you can choose from, and these are some of the top ones:


  1. Creatine

This is an old-school option that’s been around for quite a while. It’s an especially good option for athletic performance. Not only that, but the substance has been the subject of various studies that involved gym rats.


The studies resulted in showing that the substance provided several benefits. Some examples included performance involving intelligence, memory, and processing. The results of the tests showed how the substance could be used in products designed as nootropics for humans.


  1. Passionflower

This is produced from parts of the plants that are above the ground. People take passionflower due to its calming effect. They’ve been proven in various scientific studies although they haven’t been confirmed in big scale studies.


There are some people who use passionflower to treat insomnia. It can also help to be used to deal with withdrawal symptoms when people are trying to get off drugs such as opiates.


In patients who are having surgery and those who are going to be treated by dentists, passionflower has been effective in reducing apprehension.


  1. L-theanine

This is found in various foods including mushrooms and green tea. It’s also sold in stores as a dietary supplement in the United States. The US Food and Drug Administration has given it the status of GRAS.


Various scientific studies show that theanine can affect levels of various neurotransmitters, to prevent brain dysfunction and prospect people from strokes. It’s believed that L-theanine can even boost sleep quality in students that have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).


How about the substance as a possible nootropic? Many small studies have discovered that a combination of the substance with caffeine can boost brain performance. That’s especially true regarding alertness and focus. However, it seems that results might just be short-term.


  1. DHA

This is an omega-3 fatty acid contained in seaweed and fish. It can provide several benefits such as better memory. It also protects people against various psychiatric disorders.


Different surveys of people who suffer from serious depression reported that they have lower levels of omega-3 fatty acids. In fact, one big study found that depressive symptoms were much higher among people who rarely ate fish.


On the other hand, there’s never been a study that proved using supplements containing omega-3 fatty acids were useful in reducing large, moderate, or mild depression.


On the other hand, some data seems to suggest it’s a safe method for the prevention and might lower the risk of certain psychiatric disorders progressing.


One study discovered that DHA supplements greatly improves infants’ cognitive development. However, it doesn’t seem to boost brain functionality in kids, adults, or seniors. Another review showed that it could project against cognitive dementia and the risk of Alzheimer’s in the seniors.


These are some of the top nootropics on the market today.

What Is Nootropics?

Are you looking for a way to enhance your athletics or weightlifting? If so then you should consider nootropics. It’s important to be familiar with it to determine whether or not it’s the right option for you.


Nootropics are compounds that are sometimes referred to as “smart drugs.” They’re compounds that can help to boost brain function. They can improve your daily activities including exercising, sports, and others.


This has become a very popular method of providing you extra brainpower. In fact, it continues to increase in popularity. A report by the Telegraph showed that up to one-quarter of students at the top UK universities had taken the smart drug modafinil. Also, California startup workers are trying various drugs to boost their brains and compete better against rival companies.


Nootropics have been around for a quite a while. They can reportedly boost cognitive performance. Many people might wonder if the mix of pharmaceutical chemicals and natural substance can give their brains a jump-start.


Fans of the products claim that they can indeed boost people’s cognition. However, one warning that many of them are giving is that there are products advertised as “nootropics” but they technically aren’t. In fact, they’re totally different products based on the ingredients. One key issue is how the term should be defined.


On the one hand, a wide range of brain-enhancing products could arguably be referred to as “nootropics.” What’s important to note is that there are several ways that people can enhance their brains. Thus, it’s important to consider each product individually before deciding whether or not it should indeed qualify as a nootropic.


There’s the issue of whether or not nootropics should be referred to as “smart drugs.” That’s because they’re used to boost intelligence, energy, and motivation. However, a big difference is that smart drugs can cause negative side effects after long-term usage.


Nootropics must be safe and provide a low risk of side-effects when they’re used appropriately. Several nootropics have similar mechanics by improving communication among neurons. This helps to balance the levels of neurotransmitters or by boosting the health of brain cells. They can help to boost energy metabolism in neurons or boost the growth of neurons and connections.


A nootropic is any neuro-improving drug/natural supplement that has a low rate of side-effects. The definition of what defines a nootropic isn’t very precise.


The original idea was from some Belgian pharmacologists. They invented the first nootropic in 1963, which was a compound. They classified nootropics as brain-boosting substances with very low toxins, that can be taken in the long-term.


This highlights the issue that nootropics can improve brain function without causing any side-effects linked to brain stimulants.


Piracetam is one of the best-known nootropics and is part of the Racetam family. These artificial compounds were developed in a lab. However, there are also several supplements that are effective herbal/natural nootropics.


That’s in comparison with grape seed extract, fish, oil, and other natural nootropics.

Top Benefits of Nootropic Drugs

Are you considering different types of drugs to boost your mental health? There are many options, but one of the best options is nootropics. This is a general term that relates to a group of chemicals that provide cognitive benefits to human brains. Some of the chemicals are natural, and others are artificial.

In technical terms, a nootropic must meet the requirements made by Corneliu E. Giurgea. He’s the man who first used the term “nootropic.”

How are nootropics defined? The drug must improve a person’s memory and learning ability. They must also help the brain function in disruptive situations. This includes ones such as low oxygen levels known as hypoxia.

There are other key features of nootropics. They must safeguard the brain from physical/chemical attacks. The nootropic must also have few/no side-effects and contain nearly no toxins.

This includes many requirements for any chemical in the world. It could be argued that any chemical that meets this requirement is a so-called “miracle drug” instead of merely a nootropic.

On the other hand, when you hear the word “nootropic” used, people are usually referring to a cognitive enhancer. That’s something that improves thinking in some way. That can include features such as better memory, faster processing, better concentration, or a blend of these factors. However, it might not meet the most strict definition.

Another term that’s often used regarding nootropics is “smart drugs.” Due to the general discussion of nootropics, it can certainly range quite greatly. In fact, items such as Omega-3 fatty acids and caffeine could be included in the list as a type of nootropic.

It’s important to consider that there are several benefits of nootropics including the following ones:



  1. Reasoning/Creativity

A small group of nootropics can affect reasoning skills like boosting creativity. Iodine is one of the various nootropics that can provide these cognitive benefits.


  1. Focus

One possible benefit of nootropics is better concentration. That can benefit you in different situations including work and sports. For example, caffeine can qualify as a nootropic when it’s paired up with L-theanine. Other substances that can improve focus include ginseng.


  1. Anti-fatigue

If you want a real energy boost, then you should consider nootropics. This will help to boost your energy so that you won’t suffer from fatigue in certain situations. By lowering fatigue users can work longer and better. There are various anti-fatigue agents.


  1. Memory

Several nootropics are developed to prevent neurological issues that result in diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

Young people can retain material better using various memory-improving nootropics. Some of the drugs are better for “working memory.’ Others are better for long-term memory. There are several memory enhancers so it’s important to learn about them before deciding on which one you should consider using.


  1. Mood

There are certain nootropics that improve brain function by boosting mood and lowering anxiety. There are different brain indicators that affect mood. Some of the examples include Asian ginseng.

There are various nootropics that have provided solid evidence that they have these features. On the other hand, due to low funding, long-term studies haven’t been done right. Thus, the long-term effects of using the smart drugs on human brains aren’t known yet. It’s unclear whether the results are good or bad.

These are some of the key benefits of nootropics. They’re a viable option when comparing different drugs on the market.